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Epilepsy Classification Index

Epilepsy Classification Index

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The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Commission on Classification and Terminology has revised concepts, terminology, and approaches for classifying seizures and forms of epilepsy.

CLASSIFICATION OF SEIZURES 
GENERALIZED SEIZURES 
  TONIC–CLONIC (IN ANY COMBINATION)
  ABSENCE  
    TYPICAL 
    ATYPICAL 
    ABSENCE WITH SPECIAL FEATURE
      MYOCLONIC ABSENCE
      EYELID MYOCLONIA
    MYOCLONIC
      MYOCLONIC
      MYOCLONIC ATONIC
      MYOCLONIC TONIC
  CLONIC  
  TONIC  
  ATONIC  
FOCAL SEIZURES  
UNKNOWN  
EPILEPTIC SPASMS  
ELECTROCLINICAL SYNDROMES AND OTHER EPILEPSIES   
  ELECTROCLINICAL SYNDROMES ARRANGED BY AGE AT ONSET    
    NEONATAL PERIOD     
      BENIGN FAMILIAL NEONATAL EPILEPSY (BFNE) 
      EARLY MYOCLONIC ENCEPHALOPATHY (EME) 
      OHTAHARA SYNDROME   
    INFANCY      
      EPILEPSY OF INFANCY WITH MIGRATING FOCAL SEIZURES
      WEST SYNDROME    
      MYOCLONIC EPILEPSY IN INFANCY (MEI)  
      BENIGN INFANTILE EPILEPSY   
      BENIGN FAMILIAL INFANTILE EPILEPSY  
      DRAVET SYNDROME    
      MYOCLONIC ENCEPHALOPATHY IN NONPROGRESSIVE DISORDERS
    CHILDHOOD     
      FEBRILE SEIZURES PLUS (FS+) (CAN START IN INFANCY)
      PANAYIOTOPOULOS SYNDROME  
      EPILEPSY WITH MYOCLONIC ATONIC (PREVIOUSLY ASTATIC) SEIZURES
      BENIGN EPILEPSY WITH CENTROTEMPORAL SPIKES (BECTS)
      AUTOSOMAL-DOMINANT NOCTURNAL FRONTAL LOBE EPILEPSY (ADNFLE)
      LATE ONSET CHILDHOOD OCCIPITAL EPILEPSY (GASTAUT TYPE)
      EPILEPSY WITH MYOCLONIC ABSENCES  
      LENNOX-GASTAUT SYNDROME   
      EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY WITH CONTINUOUS SPIKE-AND-WAVE DURING SLEEP (CSWS). (SOMETIME REFERRED TO AS ELECTRICAL STATUS EPILEPTICUS DURING SLOW SLEEP (ESES)).
      LANDAU-KLEFFNER SYNDROME (LKS)  
      CHILDHOOD ABSENCE EPILEPSY (CAE)  
    ADOLESCENCE – ADULT    
      JUVENILE ABSENCE EPILEPSY (JAE)  
      JUVENILE MYOCLONIC EPILEPSY (JME)  
      EPILEPSY WITH GENERALIZED TONIC–CLONIC SEIZURES ALONE
      PROGRESSIVE MYOCLONUS EPILEPSIES (PME) 
      AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT EPILEPSY WITH AUDITORY FEATURES (ADEAF)
      OTHER FAMILIAL TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSIES 
    LESS SPECIFIC AGE RELATIONSHIP   
      FAMILIAL FOCAL EPILEPSY WITH VARIABLE FOCI (CHILDHOOD TO ADULT)
      REFLEX EPILEPSIES    
  DISTINCTIVE CONSTELLATIONS      
    MESIAL TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSY WITH HIPPOCAMPAL SCLEROSIS (MTLE WITH HS)
    RASMUSSEN SYNDROME    
    GELASTIC SEIZURES WITH HYPOTHALAMIC HAMARTOMA 
    HEMICONVULSION–HEMIPLEGIA–EPILEPSY  
    EPILEPSIES THAT DO NOT FIT INTO ANY OF THESE DIAGNOSTIC CATEGORIES CAN BE DISTINGUISHED FIRST ON THE BASIS OF THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF A KNOWN STRUCTURAL OR METABOLIC CONDITION (PRESUMED CAUSE) AND THEN ON THE BASIS OF THE PRIMARY MODE OF SEIZURE ONSET (GENERALIZED VS. FOCAL)
  EPILEPSIES ATTRIBUTED TO AND ORGANIZED BY STRUCTURAL-METABOLIC CAUSES  
    MALFORMATIONS OF CORTICAL DEVELOPMENT (HEMIMEGALENCEPHALY, ETC.)
    NEUROCUTANEOUS SYNDROMES (TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS COMPLEX, ETC.)
    TUMOR      
    INFECTION     
    TRAUMA      
    ANGIOMA     
      PERINATAL INSULTS    
      STROKE     
      ETC     
  EPILEPSIES OF UNKNOWN CAUSE      
  CONDITIONS WITH EPILEPTIC SEIZURES THAT ARE TRADITIONALLY NOT DIAGNOSED AS A FORM OF EPILEPSY PER SE  
    BENIGN NEONATAL SEIZURES (BNS)   
    FEBRILE SEIZURES (FS)    

See also classification of seizures

http://icnapedia.org/wiki/epilepsy/epilepsy-index
APA Style
Epilepsy Classification Index. (n.d.). In ICNApedia. Retrieved May 23,2017 15:28:19 from http://icnapedia.org/wiki/epilepsy/epilepsy-index
MLA Style
"Epilepsy Classification Index." ICNApedia: The Child Neurology Knowledge Environment, Inc. October 25, 2015. Web. May 23,2017 15:28:19
AMA Style
ICNApedia contributors. Epilepsy Classification Index. ICNApedia, The Child Neurology Knowledge Environment. October 25, 2015. Available at: http://icnapedia.org/wiki/epilepsy/epilepsy-index.Accessed May 23,2017 15:28:19.

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  • ILAE HandoutV10.pdf
    126 KB
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  • Revised terminology and concepts for organization of seizuresand epilepsies: Report of the ILAE Commission onClassification and Terminology, 2005–2009
    119 KB
    31

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