[2018 Round-up] The most important advances in headache research in 2018

In 2018, many advances were made in headache research. In my view, one of the major advances was the publication of the third edition of the The International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-3), which includes new diagnostic criteria for migraine with aura that better distinguish it from transient ischaemic attacks.1 These criteria were previously in the appendix of the ICHD-2 and have now been included in ICHD-3. Patients with aura should now report at least three of the following six characteristics: 1) at least one aura symptom spreads gradually over at least 5 min; 2) two or more aura symptoms occur in succession; 3) each individual aura symptom lasts 5–60 min; 4) at least one aura symptom is unilateral; 5) at least one aura symptom is positive; 6) the aura is accompanied, or followed within 60 min, by headache.

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