Handbook of Pediatric Electroencephalography by Veena Kander now on ICNApedia VLE

Etiology remains unknown in recent Acute Flaccid Paralysis cases in North America

There have been nearly 60 cases identified in California from 2012 - 2015 of acute flaccid myelitis, a rare syndrome described as polio-like, with most patients being children and young adults, according to a study in the December 22/29 issue of JAMA. The cause of the condition in these cases remains unknown. With the elimination of wild poliovirus in populations throughout most of the world, the clinical syndrome of acute flaccid paralysis (characterized by weakness or paralysis and reduced muscle tone) due to spinal motor neuron injury has largely disappeared from North America. Despite occasional case reports, the absence of...
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Inviting Bids for ICNC2020

The International Child Neurology Association (ICNA) invites "letter of intent" from interested parties to enter the bidding to host the International Child Neurology Congress in 2020.Bidders are invited to send a “letter of intent” (not more than a short paragraph from the main coordinator or organizing scientific society (not the conference organising team) to the secretary of the ICNA ( [email protected]  ). The ICNA Executive Board will select bidders who would be invited to submit a full proposal. This would be guided by the previous geographical representation, and capacity of the meeting to  reach the maximum number of physicians and allied professionals interested...
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Recurrent strep A infections and autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder in children:possible new link

Researchers have discovered how immune cells triggered by recurrent Strep A infections enter the brain, causing inflammation that may lead to autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders in children. The study, performed in mice, found that immune cells reach the brain by traveling along odor-sensing neurons that emerge from the nasal cavity, not by breaching the blood-brain barrier directly. The findings could lead to improved methods for diagnosing, monitoring, and treating these disorders. The study, led by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, was published today in the online edition of the Journal of Clinical Investigation....
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Manipulating consciousness using deep brain stimulation

Studies in rats have shown that they could be either woken up or put in an unconscious state from altering their brain activity by changing the firing rates of neurons in the central thalamus. The NIH funded study was published in eLIFE. Located deep inside the brain the thalamus acts as a relay station sending neural signals from the body to the cortex. Damage to neurons in the central part of the thalamus may lead to problems with sleep, attention, and memory. Previous studies have suggested that stimulation of thalamic neurons may awaken patients who have suffered a traumatic brain...
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Combination of hormone therapy With Vigabatrin reduces Infantile Spasms better than hormone therapy alone

Results from the ICISS trial presented at the 69th Annual Meeting of the American Epilepsy Society (AES) suggest that a combination of hormonal therapy with vigabatrin reduces infantile spasms better than hormonal treatment alone. For this study, the ICISS trial researchers tested the hypothesis that combining prednisolone or tetracosactide with vigabatrin would result in a greater proportion of infants achieving spasm cessation compared with hormonal therapy alone. Between March 2007 and May 2014, infants with IS and a compatible EEG were enrolled in a multicenter treatment trial. Infants were randomized to receive either hormonal therapy and vigabatrin or hormonal therapy...
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