Use of newer-generation antiepileptic drugs, which are also prescribed for bipolar mood disorders and migraine headaches, during the first trimester of pregnancy was not associated with an increased risk of major birth defects in the first year of life among infants in Denmark, according to a study in the May 18 issue of JAMA. Older-generation antiepileptic drugs are associated with an increased risk of birth defects.
Researchers including members from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen have developed a new method for making detailed X-ray images of brain cells. The method, called SAXS-CT, can map the myelin sheaths of nerve cells, which are important for conditions such as multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer's disease. The results have been published in the scientific journal, NeuroImage.
Researchers from the CHUM Research Centre (CRCHUM) have identified a new gene that predisposes people to both autism and epilepsy.
Three review articles in the May 2011 issue of Pediatrics (published online April 4) examine the scientific evidence behind medical, behavioral and developmental interventions for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The studies, funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, examined research published between 2000 and May 2010 on ASD interventions for children ages 12 and younger. Researchers found strong evidence for a few treatments, but also a critical need for additional studies to pinpoint specific approaches that are most effective for individual children.