The results of the landmark major multi-center randomized clinical trial "Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS)" report on fetal surgery for spina bifida has been published in the 9 February issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, NEJM. The results indicate that prenatal surgery for spina bifida has greatly improved benefits over postnatal repair, by reducing the need for shunting and improving motor outcomes.
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) publishes updated practice guidelines on simple febrile seizures, in the January 31 issue of Pediatrics. Following a comprehensive review of the evidence based literature from 1996 to February 2009, the AAP have published updated guidelines on simple febrile seizures which replaces the 1996 practice statndards.
Red ear syndrome (RES) in children is a highly specific sign for migraine, according to the results of a study published by Raieli et al in Cephalalgia on December 2010
In pioneering research published in the Jan 18 issue of Neurology Pegoraro et al reports the identification of genetic modifiers of muscular dystrophy in humans for the first time.
Fever-induced refractory epileptic encephalopathy in school-age children (FIRES) is a recently described epileptic entity whose etiology remains unknown. Brain abnormalities shown by MRI are usually limited to mesial-temporal structures and do not account for the catastrophic neuropsychologic findings.