Trigger region found for absence epileptic seizures

Kazuhiro Yamakawa and his team at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science (CBS) in Japan has shown that absence epilepsy can be triggered by impaired communication between two brain regions: the cortex and the striatum. The researchers took STXBP1 and SCN2A genes  created mice with one normal gene and one mutated gene -- a condition called haplodeficiency, which is different from a complete knockout. They showed that Spike Wave Discharges (SWD)  can be blocked by drugs than inhibit neurons from exciting each other. The scientists injected a neuronal inhibitor into several brain regions hoping to find which ones were related to the seizures. They found...
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ICNA Future Leaders Programme

  At the Amsterdam ICNC in May 2016 interested members of the ICNA met to discuss a way forward to provide support for trainees and newly qualified child neurologists (within 5 years) Summary of key points raised at this meeting were: Education Direction of how to learn and what to learn for trainees Educational meetings – especially focused on-site educational meetings Research How to put a grant together (Plan a symposium at the next ICNC2018 on this) Training Support from the EB with gui...
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Ataluren shows promise for muscular dystrophy in phase 3 clinical trial


In a paper just published online in the journal The Lancet , Craig McDonald and colleagues at 53 study sites in 18 countries describe the clinical benefit of using the drug ataluren for a certain group of patients carrying a specific "nonsense mutation" for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive and life-limiting X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in the DMD gene that result in reduced or absent dystrophin production. Dystrophin is part of th...
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Circadian Rhythm Protein CLOCK linked to severe epilepsy

In new research published in Neuron this week researchers from Brown University in Providence, RI suggests that disruption of  the circadian rhythm protein CLOCK alters cortical circuits and may lead to generation of focal epilepsy.  Dr. Liu and her colleagues used resected brain tissue from epilepsy surgery for focal cortical dyplasias and analysed the  tissue's transcriptome, or a survey of the messenger RNA (mRNA) in any given population of cells. They ...
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Dietary supplement Glucosamine may have a role in reducing excitability in brain cells

In an article published in the Journal of Neuroscience Prof. John Chatham, of the Department of Pathology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and colleagues report that increasing O-GlcNAcylation levels in brain cells using the dietary supplement "glucosamine" widely used as a supplement to help reduce pain in osteoarthritis and other conditions was found to reduce  reduce neural excitability in rodents. The researchers had in a previous study shown that increases in prote...
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