Handbook of Pediatric Electroencephalography by Veena Kander now on ICNApedia VLE

Neurological Complications of Respiratory Diseases⁎⁎Disclosure of interests: The authors have no commercial, proprietary, or financial interest in any products or companies described in this article.

Publication date: Available online 5 January 2017
Source:Seminars in Pediatric Neurology

Author(s): Puja Mehta, Ana Melikishvili, Karen S. Carvalho

The respiratory and central nervous systems are intimately connected. Ventilatory control is strictly regulated by central mechanisms in a complex process that involves central and peripheral chemoreceptors, baroreceptors, the cardiovascular system and specific areas of the brain responsible for autonomic control. Disorders of the lung and respiratory system can interfere with these mechanisms and temporarily or permanently disrupt this complex network resulting in mild to severe neurological sequelae. This article explores the wide variety of neurological problems resulting from respiratory dysfunction, with emphasis on its pathophysiology, clinical features, prognosis and long term outcome.

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